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Infection Control


Infection control is always a hot topic in health care circles. As frontline health care providers it is important that medical radiation technologists have current information on communicable diseases and take proper measures to minimize risk, as we are exposed to them in one form or another on a daily basis.

Much of the material highlighted in this section will be well documented within your workplace and is intended as a review of some of the key points.

Prevention Means & Methods

Universal precautions are the North American guidelines that remain the gold standard for diseases that are spread by blood and certain body fluids. These precautions must be followed diligently, as all provinces and territories have laws in place regarding universal precautions.

Hand washing, disinfection and sterilization are key components to dealing with the spread of infection.

Health Canada has published comprehensive clinical guidelines entitled Infection Control Guidelines, Routine Practices and Additional Precautions for Preventing the Transmission of Infection in Health Care, that describe in great detailthe preventative measures that can be taken within the health care community.

Current Hot Topics for Healthcare Workers

H1N1
Public Health Agency: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/alert-alerte/swine_200904-eng.php
Fight Flu:
http://www.fightflu.ca/index-eng.html
Canadian Public Health Association:
http://www.pandemic.cpha.ca/
Canadian Medical Association: 
http://www.cma.ca/index.cfm/ci_id/89060/la_id/1.htm
World Health Organization:
http://www.who.int/en/

Pandemic Influenza
http://www.fightflu.ca

Fluwatch
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/fluwatch/index-eng.php 

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/biol_hazards/methicillin.html

Drug-Resistant Organisms (DRO)
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/biol_hazards/drugresist.html

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/sars.html

Respiratory Protection Against Infections for Health Care Workers
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/prevention/respiratory_protection.html

AIDS Precautions
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/aids/health_care2.html

AIDS Precautions - Health Care
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/aids/health_care1.html

Clostridium Difficile
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/biol_hazards/clostridium_difficile.html

Common Cold
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/common_cold.html

Hepatitis A, B & C
Hep A - http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/hepatitis_a.html
Hep B - http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/hepatitis_b.html
Hep C - http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/hepatitis_c.html

Influenza
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/biol_hazards/influenza.html

Tuberculosis
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/tubercul.html

Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB)
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/mdr_tb.html

Toxoplasmosis
http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/toxoplasmosis.html

Needlestick Injuries

Needlestick Injuries: A Sharper Response
http://www.whsc.on.ca/pubs/res_lines2.cfm?resID=70

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Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists
85 Albert St, Suite 1000, Ottawa, ON, K1P 6A4
phone: 613 234-0012 / 800 463-9729
fax: 613 234-1097
www.camrt.ca